Questions About Israel

By Team ABJ

Last Updated:

Explore here some fascinating questions about the country of Israel! From its rich history to its vibrant culture, there is so much to learn and discover about this unique land in the Middle East. Let’s dive in and uncover the mysteries, myths, and truths about Israel together!

Questions about Israel

Here are the questions about Israel with answers:

1. What is the capital of Israel?

Answer: The capital of Israel is Jerusalem.

2. What are the official languages spoken in Israel?

Answer: The official languages of Israel are Hebrew and Arabic.

3. What is the population of Israel?

Answer: As of 2023, the estimated population of Israel is around 9 million people.

4. What is the dominant religion in Israel?

Answer: Judaism is the dominant religion in Israel, with the majority of the population being Jewish.

5. What are the major ethnic groups in Israel?

Answer: The major ethnic groups in Israel include Jewish, Arab, and other minority groups.

6. What is the currency used in Israel?

Answer: The currency used in Israel is the Israeli new shekel (ILS).

7. What are some popular tourist attractions in Israel?

Answer: Popular tourist attractions in Israel include the Western Wall in Jerusalem, the Dead Sea, Masada, the Old City of Jaffa, and the Baha’i Gardens in Haifa, among others.

8. Who is the prime minister of Israel?

Answer: The current prime minister of Israel is Benjamin Netanyahu of Likud, who took office on 29 December 2022. He is the ninth person to hold the position (excluding caretakers) and the longest-serving prime minister in Israel’s history.

9. Why did Israel attack Al Aqsa mosque?

Answer: Israel did not attack Al-Aqsa Mosque but rather raided the mosque compound in response to what it called rioting by Palestinian worshippers who had barricaded themselves inside the mosque with fireworks, sticks, and stones. The raid took place on 5 April 2023, during the holy month of Ramadan and before the Jewish holiday of Passover. The raid sparked clashes between Israeli police and Palestinians, resulting in at least 14 injuries and 400 arrests among the Palestinians. The raid also triggered a cross-border escalation between Israel and Gaza, as Palestinian militants fired rockets at Israel and Israel responded with airstrikes.

10. When did Israel become a nation?

Answer: Israel became a nation on May 14, 1948. This was the day when the state of Israel was officially established, and it was recognized by the United Nations as a sovereign state in the historic land of Palestine. The establishment of the state of Israel followed the adoption of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 181 on November 29, 1947, which recommended the partition of Palestine into separate Jewish and Arab states. Israel’s declaration of independence was made by its first Prime Minister, David Ben-Gurion, on May 14, 1948, marking the birth of the modern state of Israel.

11. What is the Iron Dome of Israel?

Answer: The Iron Dome is a missile defense system developed by Israel that is designed to intercept and destroy short-range rockets and artillery shells fired from close range. It was developed by the Israeli defense company Rafael Advanced Defense Systems, with funding and support from the United States. The Iron Dome system is a key component of Israel’s defense against rocket attacks, particularly those launched from the Gaza Strip and other neighboring areas.

12. What is the significance of Jerusalem in Israel?

Answer: Jerusalem is considered a significant city in Israel as it is a holy city for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, and serves as the spiritual and cultural center of Israel.

13. What are some major industries in Israel?

Answer: Major industries in Israel include high-tech and innovation, agriculture, pharmaceuticals, defense, and tourism.

14. What is the political system of Israel?

Answer: Israel has a parliamentary democracy system with a president as the head of state and a prime minister as the head of government.

15. What is the status of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict?

Answer: The Israeli-Palestinian conflict is a long-standing conflict involving territorial disputes, political tensions, and other complex issues between Israelis and Palestinians over the land and statehood in the region.

16. What are some of the challenges Israel faces in the region?

Answer: Some of the challenges faced by Israel in the region include security concerns, geopolitical tensions, and conflicts with neighboring countries and non-state actors, as well as social and cultural diversity within the country.

17. What is the significance of the Western Wall in Jerusalem?

Answer: The Western Wall, also known as the Wailing Wall, is a holy site in Jerusalem for Jews, and it is considered a significant place for prayer and reflection.

18. What is the relationship between Israel and the United States?

Answer: Israel and the United States have a close relationship characterized by strong political, economic, and military ties, with the U.S. providing significant support to Israel in various areas.

19. What is the role of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF)?

Answer: The Israel Defense Forces (IDF) is the military of Israel and is responsible for the defense and security of the country, as well as responding to various threats and challenges in the region.

20. What are some notable inventions and technological innovations from Israel?

Answer: Israel is known for its technological innovations and has contributed to various fields, including high-tech, cybersecurity, agriculture, and medical research. Some notable inventions from Israel include the USB flash drive, Waze navigation app, and the Iron Dome missile defense system.

21. What are some famous Israeli personalities or celebrities?

Answer: Some famous Israeli personalities or celebrities include politicians like Benjamin Netanyahu, writers like Amos Oz, actors like Natalie Portman, and musicians like Idan Raichel, among others.

22. What is the significance of the Dead Sea in Israel?

Answer: The Dead Sea, located between Israel and Jordan, is known for its high salt concentration and therapeutic mud, and is a popular tourist destination for its unique natural properties.

23. What are some traditional foods or dishes in Israel?

Answer: Some traditional foods or dishes in Israel include falafel (deep-fried chickpea balls), hummus (a dip made from mashed chickpeas), shakshuka (a dish of eggs poached in tomato sauce), pita bread (a type of flatbread), and schnitzel (breaded and fried meat cutlets), among others.

24. What are some of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Israel?

Answer: Israel has several UNESCO World Heritage Sites, including the Old City of Jerusalem and its Walls, Masada, the Baha’i Gardens in Haifa, the White City of Tel Aviv, and the Biblical Tels – Megiddo, Hazor, and Be’er Sheba, among others.